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Version: 0.1.x

Quick Start for Interactive Live Streaming in React

VideoSDK empowers you to seamlessly integrate the interactive live streaming feature into your React application within minutes.

In this quickstart, you'll explore this feature of VideoSDK. Follow the step-by-step guide to integrate it within your application.

Prerequisites

Before proceeding, ensure that your development environment meets the following requirements:

  • Video SDK Developer Account (Not having one, follow Video SDK Dashboard)
  • Basic understanding of React
  • React Video SDK
  • Have Node and NPM installed on your device.
  • Basic understanding of Hooks (useState, useRef, useEffect)
  • React Context API (optional)
info

One should have a VideoSDK account to generate token. Visit VideoSDK dashboard to generate token

Getting Started with the Code!

Follow the steps to create the environment necessary to add live streaming into your app. You can also find the code sample for quickstart here.

Create new react app

Create a new React App using the below command.

$ npx create-react-app videosdk-rtc-react-app

Install Video SDK

Install the VideoSDK using the below-mentioned npm command. Make sure you are in your react app directory before you run this command.

$ npm install "@videosdk.live/react-sdk"

Structure of the project

Your project structure should look like this.

Project Structure
   root
├── node_modules
├── public
├── src
│ ├── API.js
│ ├── App.js
│ ├── index.js
├── package.json
. .

You are going to use functional components to leverage react's reusable component architecture. There will be components for users, videos and controls (mic, camera, leave) over the video.

App Architecture

The App will contain a container component which includes a user component with videos. Each video component will have control buttons for mic, camera , leave meeting and HLS.

You will be working on these files:

  • API.js: Responsible for handling API calls such as generating unique meetingId and token
  • App.js: Responsible for rendering container and joining the meeting.
Architecture for Speaker

quick-start-speaker-architechture

Architecture for Viewer

quick-start-viewer-architechture

Step 1: Get started with API.js

Prior to moving on, you must create an API request to generate a unique meetingId. You will need an authentication token, which you can create either through the videosdk-rtc-api-server-examples or directly from the VideoSDK Dashboard for developers.

API.js
//Auth token we will use to generate a meeting and connect to it
export const authToken = "<Generated-from-dashbaord>";
// API call to create meeting
export const createMeeting = async ({ token }) => {
const res = await fetch(`https://api.videosdk.live/v2/rooms`, {
method: "POST",
headers: {
authorization: `${authToken}`,
"Content-Type": "application/json",
},
body: JSON.stringify({}),
});
//Destructuring the roomId from the response
const { roomId } = await res.json();
return roomId;
};

Step 2: Wireframe App.js with all the components

To build up wireframe of App.js, you will be using VideoSDK Hooks and Context Providers. VideoSDK provides MeetingProvider, MeetingConsumer, useMeeting and useParticipant hooks. Let's understand each of them.

First we will explore Context Provider and Consumer. Context is primarily used when some data needs to be accessible by many components at different nesting levels.

  • MeetingProvider: This is the Context Provider. It accepts value config and token as props. The Provider component accepts a value prop to be passed to consuming components that are descendants of this Provider. One Provider can be connected to many consumers. Providers can be nested to override values deeper within the tree.
  • MeetingConsumer: This is the Context Consumer. All consumers that are descendants of a Provider will re-render whenever the Provider’s value prop changes.
  • useMeeting: This is the meeting hook API. It includes all the information related to meeting such as join, leave, enable/disable mic or webcam etc.
  • useParticipant: This is the participant hook API. It is responsible for handling all the events and props related to one particular participant such as name, webcamStream, micStream etc.

Meeting Context helps to listen on all the changes when participant joines meeting or changes mic or camera etc.

Let's get started with change couple of lines of code in App.js

App.js
import "./App.css";
import React, { useEffect, useMemo, useRef, useState } from "react";
import {
MeetingProvider,
MeetingConsumer,
useMeeting,
useParticipant,
Constants,
} from "@videosdk.live/react-sdk";

import { authToken, createMeeting } from "./API";
import ReactPlayer from "react-player";

function JoinScreen({ getMeetingAndToken, setMode }) {
return null;
}

function ParticipantView(props) {
return null;
}

function Controls() {
return null;
}

function SpeakerView() {
return null;
}

function ViewerView() {
return null;
}

function Container(props) {
return null;
}

function App() {
const [meetingId, setMeetingId] = useState(null);

//State to handle the mode of the participant i.e. CONFERENCE or VIEWER
const [mode, setMode] = useState("CONFERENCE");

//You have to get the MeetingId from the API created earlier
const getMeetingAndToken = async (id) => {
const meetingId =
id == null ? await createMeeting({ token: authToken }) : id;
setMeetingId(meetingId);
};

const onMeetingLeave = () => {
setMeetingId(null);
};

return authToken && meetingId ? (
<MeetingProvider
config={{
meetingId,
micEnabled: true,
webcamEnabled: true,
name: "C.V. Raman",
//This will be the mode of the participant CONFERENCE or VIEWER
mode: mode,
}}
token={authToken}
>
<MeetingConsumer>
{() => (
<Container meetingId={meetingId} onMeetingLeave={onMeetingLeave} />
)}
</MeetingConsumer>
</MeetingProvider>
) : (
<JoinScreen getMeetingAndToken={getMeetingAndToken} setMode={setMode} />
);
}

export default App;

Step 3: Implement Join Screen

Join screen will serve as a medium to either schedule a new meeting or join an existing one as a host or a viewer.

This functionality will have 3 buttons:

1. Join as Host: When this button is clicked, the person will join the meeting with the entered meetingId as HOST.

2. Join as Viewer: When this button is clicked, the person will join the meeting with the entered meetingId as VIEWER.

3. Create Meeting: When this button is clicked, the person will join a new meeting as HOST.

JoinScreen Component
function JoinScreen({ getMeetingAndToken, setMode }) {
const [meetingId, setMeetingId] = useState(null);
//Set the mode of joining participant and set the meeting id or generate new one
const onClick = async (mode) => {
setMode(mode);
await getMeetingAndToken(meetingId);
};
return (
<div className="container">
<button onClick={() => onClick("CONFERENCE")}>Create Meeting</button>
<br />
<br />
{" or "}
<br />
<br />
<input
type="text"
placeholder="Enter Meeting Id"
onChange={(e) => {
setMeetingId(e.target.value);
}}
/>
<br />
<br />
<button onClick={() => onClick("CONFERENCE")}>Join as Host</button>
{" | "}
<button onClick={() => onClick("VIEWER")}>Join as Viewer</button>
</div>
);
}

Output

VideoSDK React Interactive Live Streaming Quick Start Join Screen

Step 4: Implement Container Component

Next step is to create a container to manage features such as join, leave, mute, unmute, start and stop HLS for the HOST and to display an HLS Player for the viewer.

You need to determine the mode of the localParticipant, if its CONFERENCE, display the SpeakerView component otherwise show the ViewerView component.

Container Component
function Container(props) {
const [joined, setJoined] = useState(null);
//Get the method which will be used to join the meeting.
const { join } = useMeeting();
const mMeeting = useMeeting({
//callback for when a meeting is joined successfully
onMeetingJoined: () => {
setJoined("JOINED");
},
//callback for when a meeting is left
onMeetingLeft: () => {
props.onMeetingLeave();
},
//callback for when there is an error in a meeting
onError: (error) => {
alert(error.message);
},
});
const joinMeeting = () => {
setJoined("JOINING");
join();
};

return (
<div className="container">
<h3>Meeting Id: {props.meetingId}</h3>
{joined && joined == "JOINED" ? (
mMeeting.localParticipant.mode == Constants.modes.CONFERENCE ? (
<SpeakerView />
) : mMeeting.localParticipant.mode == Constants.modes.VIEWER ? (
<ViewerView />
) : null
) : joined && joined == "JOINING" ? (
<p>Joining the meeting...</p>
) : (
<button onClick={joinMeeting}>Join</button>
)}
</div>
);
}

Step 5: Implement SpeakerView

Next step is to create SpeakerView and Controls components to manage features such as join, leave, mute and unmute.

  1. You have to retrieve all the participants using the useMeeting hook and filter them based on the mode set to CONFERENCE ensuring that only Speakers are displayed on the screen.
SpeakerView
function SpeakerView() {
//Get the participants and HLS State from useMeeting
const { participants, hlsState } = useMeeting();

//Filtering the host/speakers from all the participants
const speakers = useMemo(() => {
const speakerParticipants = [...participants.values()].filter(
(participant) => {
return participant.mode == Constants.modes.CONFERENCE;
}
);
return speakerParticipants;
}, [participants]);
return (
<div>
<p>Current HLS State: {hlsState}</p>
{/* Controls for the meeting */}
<Controls />

{/* Rendring all the HOST participants */}
{speakers.map((participant) => (
<ParticipantView participantId={participant.id} key={participant.id} />
))}
</div>
);
}

function Container(){
...

const mMeeting = useMeeting({
onMeetingJoined: () => {
//Pin the local participant if he joins in CONFERENCE mode
if (mMeetingRef.current.localParticipant.mode == "CONFERENCE") {
mMeetingRef.current.localParticipant.pin();
}
setJoined("JOINED");
},
...
});

//Create a ref to meeting object so that when used inside the
//Callback functions, meeting state is maintained
const mMeetingRef = useRef(mMeeting);
useEffect(() => {
mMeetingRef.current = mMeeting;
}, [mMeeting]);

return <>...</>;
}
  1. You have to add the Controls component which will allow the participant to toggle their media.
Controls Component
function Controls() {
const { leave, toggleMic, toggleWebcam, startHls, stopHls } = useMeeting();
return (
<div>
<button onClick={() => leave()}>Leave</button>
&emsp;|&emsp;
<button onClick={() => toggleMic()}>toggleMic</button>
<button onClick={() => toggleWebcam()}>toggleWebcam</button>
&emsp;|&emsp;
<button
onClick={() => {
//Start the HLS in SPOTLIGHT mode and PIN as
//priority so only speakers are visible in the HLS stream
startHls({
layout: {
type: "SPOTLIGHT",
priority: "PIN",
gridSize: "20",
},
theme: "LIGHT",
mode: "video-and-audio",
quality: "high",
orientation: "landscape",
});
}}
>
Start HLS
</button>
<button onClick={() => stopHls()}>Stop HLS</button>
</div>
);
}
  1. You need to then create the ParticipantView to display the participant's name and media. To play the media, use the webcamStream and micStream from the useParticipant hook.
ParticipantView
function ParticipantView(props) {
const micRef = useRef(null);
const { webcamStream, micStream, webcamOn, micOn, isLocal, displayName } =
useParticipant(props.participantId);

const videoStream = useMemo(() => {
if (webcamOn && webcamStream) {
const mediaStream = new MediaStream();
mediaStream.addTrack(webcamStream.track);
return mediaStream;
}
}, [webcamStream, webcamOn]);

//Playing the audio in the <audio>
useEffect(() => {
if (micRef.current) {
if (micOn && micStream) {
const mediaStream = new MediaStream();
mediaStream.addTrack(micStream.track);

micRef.current.srcObject = mediaStream;
micRef.current
.play()
.catch((error) =>
console.error("videoElem.current.play() failed", error)
);
} else {
micRef.current.srcObject = null;
}
}
}, [micStream, micOn]);

return (
<div>
<p>
Participant: {displayName} | Webcam: {webcamOn ? "ON" : "OFF"} | Mic:{" "}
{micOn ? "ON" : "OFF"}
</p>
<audio ref={micRef} autoPlay playsInline muted={isLocal} />
{webcamOn && (
<ReactPlayer
//
playsinline // extremely crucial prop
pip={false}
light={false}
controls={false}
muted={true}
playing={true}
//
url={videoStream}
//
height={"300px"}
width={"300px"}
onError={(err) => {
console.log(err, "participant video error");
}}
/>
)}
</div>
);
}

Output Of SpeakerView Component

VideoSDK React Interactive Live Streaming Quick Start ParticipantView Component

Step 6: Implement ViewerView

When the host initiates the live streaming, viewers will be able to watch it.

To implement the player view, you have to use hls.js. It will be helpful for playing the HLS stream.

Begin by adding this package.

$ npm install hls.js

With hls.js installed, you can now get the hlsUrls from the useMeeting hook which will be used to play the HLS in the player.

//importing hls.js
import Hls from "hls.js";

function ViewerView() {
// States to store downstream url and current HLS state
const playerRef = useRef(null);
//Getting the hlsUrls
const { hlsUrls, hlsState } = useMeeting();

//Playing the HLS stream when the downstreamUrl is present and it is playable
useEffect(() => {
if (hlsUrls.downstreamUrl && hlsState == "HLS_PLAYABLE") {
if (Hls.isSupported()) {
const hls = new Hls({
maxLoadingDelay: 1, // max video loading delay used in automatic start level selection
defaultAudioCodec: "mp4a.40.2", // default audio codec
maxBufferLength: 0, // If buffer length is/becomes less than this value, a new fragment will be loaded
maxMaxBufferLength: 1, // Hls.js will never exceed this value
startLevel: 0, // Start playback at the lowest quality level
startPosition: -1, // set -1 playback will start from intialtime = 0
maxBufferHole: 0.001, // 'Maximum' inter-fragment buffer hole tolerance that hls.js can cope with when searching for the next fragment to load.
highBufferWatchdogPeriod: 0, // if media element is expected to play and if currentTime has not moved for more than highBufferWatchdogPeriod and if there are more than maxBufferHole seconds buffered upfront, hls.js will jump buffer gaps, or try to nudge playhead to recover playback.
nudgeOffset: 0.05, // In case playback continues to stall after first playhead nudging, currentTime will be nudged evenmore following nudgeOffset to try to restore playback. media.currentTime += (nb nudge retry -1)*nudgeOffset
nudgeMaxRetry: 1, // Max nb of nudge retries before hls.js raises a fatal BUFFER_STALLED_ERROR
maxFragLookUpTolerance: .1, // This tolerance factor is used during fragment lookup.
liveSyncDurationCount: 1, // if set to 3, playback will start from fragment N-3, N being the last fragment of the live playlist
abrEwmaFastLive: 1, // Fast bitrate Exponential moving average half-life, used to compute average bitrate for Live streams.
abrEwmaSlowLive: 3, // Slow bitrate Exponential moving average half-life, used to compute average bitrate for Live streams.
abrEwmaFastVoD: 1, // Fast bitrate Exponential moving average half-life, used to compute average bitrate for VoD streams
abrEwmaSlowVoD: 3, // Slow bitrate Exponential moving average half-life, used to compute average bitrate for VoD streams
maxStarvationDelay: 1, // ABR algorithm will always try to choose a quality level that should avoid rebuffering
});

let player = document.querySelector("#hlsPlayer");

hls.loadSource(hlsUrls.downstreamUrl);
hls.attachMedia(player);
} else {
if (typeof playerRef.current?.play === "function") {
playerRef.current.src = hlsUrls.downstreamUrl;
playerRef.current.play();
}
}
}
}, [hlsUrls, hlsState, playerRef.current]);

return (
<div>
{/* Showing message if HLS is not started or is stopped by HOST */}
{hlsState != "HLS_PLAYABLE" ? (
<div>
<p>HLS has not started yet or is stopped</p>
</div>
) : (
hlsState == "HLS_PLAYABLE" && (
<div>
<video
ref={playerRef}
id="hlsPlayer"
autoPlay={true}
controls
style={{ width: "100%", height: "100%" }}
playsinline
playsInline
muted={true}
playing
onError={(err) => {
console.log(err, "hls video error");
}}
></video>
</div>
)
)}
</div>
);
}

Output of ViewerView

VideoSDK React Interactive Live Streaming Quick Start Meeting Container Component

Final Output

You have completed the implementation of a customised live streaming app in ReactJS using VideoSDK. To explore more features, go through Basic and Advanced features.

tip

You can checkout the complete quick start example here.

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